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Sucrose Rich Foods and Sucrose Intolerance

List of Sucrose Rich Foods and Sucrose Intolerance

Introduction

Sucrose is a common sugar, also known as cane sugar or saccharose. It is a disaccharide, being an equal combination of two monosaccharides: glucose and fructose. In nature, sucrose is produced in plants through photosynthesis. Later, humans extract the sucrose from the plants and process it into the white sugar that we know. The name “sugar” or “sucre” in French originates from the word sucrose.

Recommendations

Based on guidelines by the World Health Organisation (WHO) daily intake of free sugars, for both children and adults, should be less than 10% of their total energy intake, which is equal to roughly 200 calories for an average adult. A further reduction to below 5% or roughly 25 grams (6 teaspoons) per day would provide additional health benefits (1). Overusing sucrose is a risk factor for the development of metabolic syndrome, including type 2 diabetes, hypertension and obesity.

Metabolism in the Body

When sucrose is consumed, it reaches all the way to the duodenum without changing its form. In the duodenum’s microvilli sucrose is broken down into separate molecules of fructose and glucose by the enzyme named sucrase-isomaltase, and absorbed into the bloodstream. Due to this, sucrose tends to elevate blood glucose levels quickly. However, it has a medium glycemic index of 65 (2).

Sucrose Intolerance

Sucrose intolerance is the inability of sucrose breakdown by the small intestine. Sucrose intolerance can be primary or secondary. Primary sucrose intolerance is also called congenital or genetic sucrase-isomaltase deficiency (CSID or GSID). As the name implies, people with this condition lack the enzymes sucrase and isomaltase that are responsible for digesting sucrose. This condition can be caused by many mutations in the sucrose gene that can occur on either sucrase or isomaltase units, resulting in varying activities of the sucrase-isomaltase enzyme (3).

Secondary or acquired sucrase-isomaltase deficiency is more often caused by the atrophy of small intestinal villi due to various chronic diseases, such as Celiac’s disease, Crohn's disease, chemotherapy, allergic enteropathy, immunodeficiency and others. Acquired sucrose intolerance can also occur due to infections or motor dysfunctions of the gastrointestinal tract (3).

Sucrose Intolerance Symptoms

Regardless of the cause of sucrose intolerance, the clinical symptoms are the same. However the severity of the symptoms can depend on the lack of the enzymes or the level of intestinal dystrophy in the small intestine.

Because sucrose has an osmotic effect, the accumulation of it in the intestinal lumen causes the liquid to stay in the intestines. This leads to hyperosmolar diarrhea. The undigested sucrose reaching the bacteria in the colon, goes through the process of bacterial fermentation. This process releases gases in the colon, causing bloating, abdominal pain and flatulence. Constant diarrhea can lead to malabsorption and weight loss.

There can also be atypical symptoms, such as vomiting, alteration between diarrhea and constipation, anxiety, heart palpitations.

Due to the shorter length of the small intestine, children are more susceptible to symptoms. Therefore, symptoms can improve with age (3).

For people with sucrose intolerance, it may be imperative to modify their diets and exclude or lower their sucrose intake. Therefore, it is important to know which foods contain high levels of sucrose.

Sources.

  1. https://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2015/sugar-guideline/en/
  2. https://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/diacare/suppl/2008/09/18/dc08-1239.DC1/TableA1_1.pdf
  3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4746203/
1
Compare to other food
Sugar contains more Sucrose than 20% of the foods. 100 grams of Sugar contains 232% of the Sucrose that you need to consume daily. Sugar
higher than 20% of foods Daily Value 232% in 100 grams
Sugar is also rich in Carbs, Calories and Sugar
100% Carbs
84% Calories
79% Sugar
2
Compare to other food
Maple syrup contains more Sucrose than 20% of the foods. 100 grams of Maple syrup contains 136% of the Sucrose that you need to consume daily. Maple syrup
higher than 20% of foods Daily Value 136% in 100 grams
Maple syrup is also rich in Vitamin B2, Carbs and Calcium
90% Vitamin B2
88% Carbs
78% Calcium
3
Compare to other food
Chocolate contains more Sucrose than 20% of the foods. 100 grams of Chocolate contains 108% of the Sucrose that you need to consume daily. Chocolate
higher than 20% of foods Daily Value 108% in 100 grams
Chocolate is also rich in Calories, Fats and Saturated Fat
96% Calories
94% Fats
94% Saturated Fat
4
Compare to other food
Dates contains more Sucrose than 19% of the foods. 100 grams of Dates contains 55% of the Sucrose that you need to consume daily. Dates
higher than 19% of foods Daily Value 55% in 100 grams
Dates is also rich in Carbs, Potassium and Fiber
93% Carbs
91% Potassium
87% Fiber
5
Compare to other food
Peanut butter contains more Sucrose than 18% of the foods. 100 grams of Peanut butter contains 24% of the Sucrose that you need to consume daily. Peanut butter
higher than 18% of foods Daily Value 24% in 100 grams
Peanut butter is also rich in Calories, Fats and Monounsaturated Fat
97% Calories
97% Fats
91% Monounsaturated Fat
6
Compare to other food
Dried fruit contains more Sucrose than 18% of the foods. 100 grams of Dried fruit contains 18% of the Sucrose that you need to consume daily. Dried fruit
higher than 18% of foods Daily Value 18% in 100 grams
Dried fruit is also rich in Potassium, Vitamin A and Fiber
93% Potassium
89% Vitamin A
86% Fiber
7
Compare to other food
Mango contains more Sucrose than 18% of the foods. 100 grams of Mango contains 16% of the Sucrose that you need to consume daily. Mango
higher than 18% of foods Daily Value 16% in 100 grams
Mango is also rich in Vitamin C, Vitamin A and Water
86% Vitamin C
81% Vitamin A
81% Water
8
Compare to other food
Pistachio contains more Sucrose than 18% of the foods. 100 grams of Pistachio contains 16% of the Sucrose that you need to consume daily. Pistachio
higher than 18% of foods Daily Value 16% in 100 grams
Pistachio is also rich in Calories, Fats and Potassium
97% Calories
96% Fats
93% Potassium
9
Compare to other food
Mandarin orange contains more Sucrose than 18% of the foods. 100 grams of Mandarin orange contains 14% of the Sucrose that you need to consume daily. Mandarin orange
higher than 18% of foods Daily Value 14% in 100 grams
Mandarin orange is also rich in Vitamin C, Water and Vitamin A
83% Vitamin C
83% Water
78% Vitamin A
10
Compare to other food
Pineapple contains more Sucrose than 18% of the foods. 100 grams of Pineapple contains 14% of the Sucrose that you need to consume daily. Pineapple
higher than 18% of foods Daily Value 14% in 100 grams
Pineapple is also rich in Vitamin C, Water and Manganese
87% Vitamin C
84% Water
67% Manganese
11
Compare to other food
Clementine contains more Sucrose than 18% of the foods. 100 grams of Clementine contains 14% of the Sucrose that you need to consume daily. Clementine
higher than 18% of foods Daily Value 14% in 100 grams
Clementine is also rich in Vitamin C, Water and Folate, food
87% Vitamin C
85% Water
62% Folate, food
12
Compare to other food
Apricot contains more Sucrose than 18% of the foods. 100 grams of Apricot contains 14% of the Sucrose that you need to consume daily. Apricot
higher than 18% of foods Daily Value 14% in 100 grams
Apricot is also rich in Vitamin A, Water and Vitamin C
86% Vitamin A
85% Water
76% Vitamin C
13
Compare to other food
Cashew contains more Sucrose than 18% of the foods. 100 grams of Cashew contains 14% of the Sucrose that you need to consume daily. Cashew
higher than 18% of foods Daily Value 14% in 100 grams
Cashew is also rich in Calories, Fats and Iron
96% Calories
96% Fats
92% Iron
14
Compare to other food
Nectarine contains more Sucrose than 17% of the foods. 100 grams of Nectarine contains 11% of the Sucrose that you need to consume daily. Nectarine
higher than 17% of foods Daily Value 11% in 100 grams
Nectarine is also rich in Water, Vitamin A and Vitamin C
87% Water
72% Vitamin A
71% Vitamin C
15
Compare to other food
Peach contains more Sucrose than 17% of the foods. 100 grams of Peach contains 11% of the Sucrose that you need to consume daily. Peach
higher than 17% of foods Daily Value 11% in 100 grams
Peach is also rich in Water, Vitamin C and Vitamin A
90% Water
73% Vitamin C
72% Vitamin A
16
Compare to other food
Macadamia contains more Sucrose than 17% of the foods. 100 grams of Macadamia contains 10% of the Sucrose that you need to consume daily. Macadamia
higher than 17% of foods Daily Value 10% in 100 grams
Macadamia is also rich in Calories, Fats and Monounsaturated Fat
99% Calories
98% Fats
92% Monounsaturated Fat
17
Compare to other food
Hazelnut contains more Sucrose than 17% of the foods. 100 grams of Hazelnut contains 10% of the Sucrose that you need to consume daily. Hazelnut
higher than 17% of foods Daily Value 10% in 100 grams
Hazelnut is also rich in Calories, Fats and Monounsaturated Fat
98% Calories
98% Fats
92% Monounsaturated Fat
18
Compare to other food
Almond contains more Sucrose than 17% of the foods. 100 grams of Almond contains 9% of the Sucrose that you need to consume daily. Almond
higher than 17% of foods Daily Value 9% in 100 grams
Almond is also rich in Calories, Fats and Potassium
97% Calories
97% Fats
92% Potassium
19
Compare to other food
Carrot contains more Sucrose than 16% of the foods. 100 grams of Carrot contains 8% of the Sucrose that you need to consume daily. Carrot
higher than 16% of foods Daily Value 8% in 100 grams
Carrot is also rich in Vitamin A, Water and Vitamin A
91% Vitamin A
89% Water
81% Vitamin A
20
Compare to other food
Grapefruit contains more Sucrose than 16% of the foods. 100 grams of Grapefruit contains 8% of the Sucrose that you need to consume daily. Grapefruit
higher than 16% of foods Daily Value 8% in 100 grams
Grapefruit is also rich in Water, Vitamin C and Vitamin A
89% Water
85% Vitamin C
82% Vitamin A
Article author photo Victoria Mazmanyan
Author name: Victoria Mazmanyan
Profession: Yerevan State Medical University
Last updated: January 01, 1970

References

The source of all the nutrient values on the page (excluding the main article the sources for which are presented separately if present) is the USDA's FoodCentral. The exact links to the foods presented on this page can be found below.

  1. Sugar - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/169655/nutrients
  2. Maple syrup - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/169661/nutrients
  3. Chocolate - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/170271/nutrients
  4. Dates - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/171726/nutrients
  5. Peanut butter - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/172470/nutrients
  6. Dried fruit - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/173941/nutrients
  7. Mango - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/169910/nutrients
  8. Pistachio - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/170184/nutrients
  9. Mandarin orange - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/169105/nutrients
  10. Pineapple - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/169124/nutrients
  11. Clementine - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/168195/nutrients
  12. Apricot - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/171697/nutrients
  13. Cashew - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/170162/nutrients
  14. Nectarine - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/169914/nutrients
  15. Peach - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/169928/nutrients
  16. Macadamia - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/170178/nutrients
  17. Hazelnut - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/170581/nutrients
  18. Almond - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/170567/nutrients
  19. Carrot - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/170393/nutrients
  20. Grapefruit - https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/174673/nutrients

Data provided by FoodStruct.com should be considered and used as information only. Please consult your physician before beginning any diet.